American Romney Breeders Association

The following is an excerpt from the American Romney Breeders Association Webpage- Romney Breed Standard

To read the Standard in its entirety refer to that website

2017 Approved by the Board of Directors on April 8, 2017

Romney sheep, as a dual-purpose breed, exhibit the essential qualities found in all good meat-producing sheep. They are sturdy animals, with a strong bone structure, large body capacity and a uniform fleece which is characteristic of the breed. The Romney is a mid-sized to large, well-muscled sheep. Its size is due to solid bone structure and muscling, and a substantial body versus long legs or neck. The Romney will continue to grow and mature until 2-3 years of age; consistent and ongoing growth during the first two years will result in an adult sheep that weighs within the target range


Weight: Mature ewes, 2-3 years of age: should be at least 150 pounds, Mature rams, 2-3 years of age: should be at least 200 pounds
Points: (hooves, nose, eyeliner, lips) should be solid black in white & natural colored Romneys; a mottled nose should be discriminated against, and a pink nose in any color Romney should be considered a disqualification.

WOOL (50 points)

Quantity: Ewes should shear 8 pounds or more, and rams should shear 12 pounds or more per year with a yearly staple length of five inches or more. When shown, fleeces need to be of adequate length to display the Romney fleece characteristics and quality.
Quality: Romney wool is moderately dense but parts easily and is free opening in nature with a well-defined crimp from butt to tip. Uniformity of coverage is essential and quality should be maintained from the shoulder to the back of the flank; a weak or open back is not acceptable. Gare (long, hairy medullated fibers that do not spin or dye) is not acceptable within the fleece and should be strongly discriminated against. The fleece is lustrous; it hangs in separate locks with minimal cross fibers between the locks. Natural colored fiber should be pigmented black or brown, respectively, and the color may be variegated or uniform.
Grade: Wool with a spinning count of 50 to 44 inclusive (equivalent to a fiber diameter of about 29 to 38 microns) is within the breed standard. No preference should be given to a coarser or finer fleece as long as it is within the breed standard. Fleece should be bright and moderately dense but parts easily with free opening well-defined staples that are full and oval shaped, not flat. Condition: Fiber should be strong, clean, soft, and bright.

Approved by the Board of Directors on April 8, 2017